A good standard of building security is very important in rural areas, especially for outbuildings that may not be visited for weeks at a time.
Farmhouses and other rural properties are the same as any other home, so general home security advice still applies. However, because of the remote location, additional security measures may be beneficial.
To protect your rural home or business:
keep the boundaries of your land and property well-maintained and secure
keep all doors and windows shut and locked when not in use
install a visible burglar alarm
make sure windows and door frames are secure and in good repair
fit strong locks to sheds, garages and outbuildings
fit good quality window locks
consider security bars and grilles for vulnerable windows and openings
make sure gates cannot be lifted off or have their fixing bolts removed
check security equipment regularly to ensure it works properly
use locking posts or temporary obstructions to control wide access points to yards
For additional security you could also:
install automatic security lights that come on at dusk and turn off at dawn
install CCTV cameras to watch over the most vulnerable areas of the property
install a monitored intruder alarm system
install an entry control system infrared, intercom or keypad
establish a single gated entrance and exit, removing all private access points that are not in use
Take a good look around your property boundary for any potential places where it could be made more secure.
planting thorny hedging to act as a natural barrier
digging deep ditches to control and deter unwanted vehicle access
if possible, having a single-gated access point to the property
using locking posts or temporary obstructions to control large openings
invert and cap gate hinges
making sure fixing bolts are secure and use covered padlocks
installing warning signs
Dispose of refuse regularly and safely.
Remove hay and straw from fields as soon as possible after harvesting and do not store it alongside other materials/vehicles.
Store petrol, diesel and other fuels in secure areas and always padlock storage tank outlets.
Seek further advice from your local fire service.
All incidents of illegal activity should be reported to the appropriate authority as soon as possible. If you are able to, make a note of any vehicle details and a description of the people involved.
Always consider your own personal safety first before approaching anyone you think might be doing something illegal.
As a landowner it’s your responsibility to protect your land from unauthorised occupation. Making sure your premises and boundaries are secure will greatly reduce the risk of unauthorised occupation.
To help protect your land you could:
look closely at the perimeter to ensure it is as secure as possible
consider using large tree trunks, rocks, ditching and earth mounds around boundaries to prevent access
restrict vehicle access by digging deep ditches
keep unused land maintained and free from litter and other waste
If your land does become illegally occupied, you can take proceedings to the county court to obtain a court order for the eviction of illegal occupants. Occupants who fail to comply with this notice by leaving the land as soon as reasonably possible are committing an offence.
Diesel theft is a problem for many farms and rural properties. Fuel tanks stored in rural and isolated locations are very attractive to thieves looking for an easy target.
Keep tanks stored close to the property where you can see them. If this isn’t possible, you should consider installing CCTV to watch over isolated tanks and restrict access with walls, fences and hedges. Security lighting such as ‘dusk till dawn’ or motion detection lighting can also be an effective deterrent to thieves.
Remember to check the oil level in your tank regularly. Look for any spilt fuel, marks on the locks or anything else suspicious.
Avoid installing a storage tank in an isolated area or outlying building.
Consider using a mobile bowser (tanker) kept in a secure place when not in use.
Use ‘diesel dye’, making your diesel traceable and less attractive to thieves.
You should check your livestock and the security of boundary fencing regularly. If they're making more noise than usual this could mean something has disturbed them.
Make regular checks of the fields where animals are kept to check that fences haven’t been breached and that no one else is in the field with them.
Use ear tags, horn brands, freeze marking or tattooing to make your animals more easily identifiable.
Keep your hedges, fences and gates in good repair: field gate hinges should have capping hinges so they can't be removed easily; cattle grids should be removable and locked out of position when they're not in use; use locking posts to obstruct large openings to yards.
Consider installing CCTV.
Always report any suspicious activity involving livestock to the police.
Secure tack room windows on the inside with solid iron bars (not tubular steel).
Secure all doors with good quality locks; use bolts (not screws) on the hinges.
Mark your tack using an ultraviolet pen.
Display warning signage to deter thieves.
padlock gates with substantial padlocks and heavy duty chains.
Reverse top hinges on gates to prevent lifting.
Install security lights and an intruder alarm.
Store fertilisers in a dedicated locked building or compound – don't leave them on public view.
Don't sell fertiliser unless you know the potential purchaser to be a legitimate user.
Record all deliveries and usage and carry out regular stock taking.
Record manufacturers’ code numbers and detonation resistance test certificates – you may be required to present them.
Always report a stock discrepancy or loss immediately.